The International Baccalaureate Primary Years Programme (PYP) is a trans-disciplinary programme of international education designed to foster the development of the whole child.
Designed for students aged 3 to 12, it focuses on the total growth of the developing child, touching hearts as well as minds and encompassing social, physical, emotional and cultural needs in addition to academic development.
The PYP draws on research and best practice from a range of national systems with a wealth of knowledge and experience from international schools to create a relevant, engaging, challenging and significant educational framework for all children.
The curriculum framework consists of five essential elements: concepts, knowledge, skills, attitude, and action. The knowledge component is developed through inquiries into six trans-disciplinary themes of global significance, supported and balanced by six subject areas.
The curriculum framework is further structured around three interrelated questions.
- What do we want to learn? The written curriculum.
- How best will we learn? The taught curriculum.
- How will we know what we have learned? The assessed curriculum.
Teachers assess students by selecting or designing methods of assessment appropriate to the learning outcomes they intend to capture.
Teachers also take into account the diverse, complicated and sophisticated ways that individual students use to develop and demonstrate their understanding.
The prime objective of assessing students' learning and performance is to give feedback to:
- students – to encourage the start of lifelong learning
- teachers – to support their reflection on what to teach and how to teach it
- parents – to highlight their child's learning and development.
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